Introduction to AS9100D Aerospace Standard

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

AS9100D is a quality management standard for organizations in
the aerospace sector (i.e., those in aviation, space, and defense).
It defines a set of quality management expectations. These expectations can be found in the following sections:

  1. Context
  2. Leadership
  3. Planning
  4. Support
  5. Operations
  6. Evaluation
  7. Improvement

The original standard was published in 1997 and was called
AS9000. This standard was renamed and replaced by AS9100
in 1999. AS9100 was then updated and replaced by AS9100A
in 2001, AS9100B in 2004, AS9100C in 2009, and AS9100D
in 2016 (which is, therefore, the fifth edition of AS9100
and the sixth edition of this aerospace standard).

The purpose of this aerospace standard is to help organizations
provide products and services that meet customer needs and requirements and comply with all applicable regulatory and
statutory requirements. It is also designed to encourage organizations to continually improve the quality and
performance of their products and services.

According to AS9100D, any organization can achieve this
objective if it establishes a quality management system (QMS)
and if it continually tries to improve the suitability, adequacy,
and effectiveness of this system.

A quality management system (QMS) is a set of interrelated or
interacting elements that organizations use to formulate quality
policies and quality objectives and to establish the processes
that are needed to ensure that these policies are followed
and these objectives are achieved.

AS9100D AND ISO 9001 2015

AS9100D is based on the ISO 9001 2015 quality management
standard. Both standards are organized in the same way and use
the same basic numbering system. The following simple formula
summarizes how AS9100D and ISO 9001 2015 are related:

        AS9100D = ISO 9001 2015 clauses + AS&D clauses
            AS&D stands for Aviation, Space, and Defense

AS9100D is careful to distinguish between generic ISO 9001 2015
clauses and those that are specific to the aviation, space, and
defense industries. As indicated above, we use color to
distinguish between these two types of clauses.

REQUIREMENTS VS GUIDELINES

AS9100D contains two kinds of expectations (i.e., clauses):
requirements and guidelines. Guidelines, in turn, are subdivided
into recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.

Recommendations are things you should do in order to meet the
AS9100D requirements, permissions are things you may do within
the limits set by the AS9100D standard, and possibilities are things
you can do if you wish. So, you have four types of expectations:
requirements, recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.

In order to distinguish between these four types of expectations
(or clauses), we use the following shorthand and color coding
in sections 4 to 10:
  • ISO 9001 Expectations (clauses):
    • Requirements (mandatory clauses):
      • SHL refers to shall clauses (requirements).
    • Guidelines (voluntary clauses):
      • SHD refers to should clauses (recommendations).
      • MAY refers to may clauses (permissions).
      • CAN refers to can clauses (possibilities).
  • AS9100 Expectations (clauses):
    • Requirements (mandatory clauses):
      • SHL refers to shall clauses (requirements).
    • Guidelines (voluntary clauses):
      • SHD refers to should clauses (recommendations).
      • MAY refers to may clauses (permissions).
      • CAN refers to can clauses (possibilities).

If you purchase our products and you go to our sections 4 to 10,
you'll notice a SHL, SHD, MAY, or CAN label or a SHL, SHD, MAY,
or CAN
label to the left of each clause. Black labels identify
ISO 9001 clauses while blue labels identify clauses that
were added by AS9100.

AS9100D COMPLIANCE

According to AS9100D, your organization's QMS must meet every
requirement if you wish to claim that it complies with this standard.
Every requirement is both generic and mandatory and may only be
excluded if it cannot be applied. Furthermore, you may exclude or
ignore a requirement only if doing so does not compromise your
organization's ability or responsibility to ensure that its products
and services are in compliance and only if you can justify and
explain why you cannot apply it. In short, whenever a
requirement can be applied, it must be applied.

However, how you choose to meet each requirement, and to
what extent, will depend on and be influenced by many factors.
It will depend on your organizationís context, its structure, its
activities, its objectives, its compliance obligations, and its
products and services, and will be influenced by its risks
and opportunities. Consequently, quality management
systems can vary quite a bit.

WHO CAN USE AS9100D

AS9100D can be used by both internal and external parties.
It can be used by both supplier and customer organizations
and by both internal and external auditors.

AS9100D can be used by organizations in the aviation, space, and
defense sectors and can be applied throughout the supply chain.
It is intended for use by organizations that design, develop, and
provide aviation, space, and defense products and services.

It's also for organizations that provide post-delivery support.
This includes those that provide maintenance, materials, or
spare parts for their own products and services.

AS9100D can also be used by the recipients of aviation, space,
and defense products and services. It can be used by customers
who need to be sure that the products and services they receive
will consistently meet their needs and requirements. It can be
used by any customer organization to establish and maintain
an efficient and effective approach to product and service
delivery throughout its entire supply chain.

AS9100D can also be used by both internal and external
auditors to assess the efficiency, effectiveness, and adequacy
of quality management systems and to evaluate any supplier's
performance and conformance.

WHY USE AS9100D

Use AS9100D to implement policies, to achieve objectives,
to meet obligations, to manage risks, to exploit opportunities,
and to comply with all relevant statutory and regulatory
requirements. Use it if
:

  • You need to be able to show that your organization is
    consistently capable of providing products and services
    that meet customer requirements and comply with all
    relevant statutory and regulatory requirements.
  • You need to be able to demonstrate that your organization
    can enhance customer satisfaction because it is consistently
    capable of continually improving both its products and
    services and its practices and processes.
  • You need to be able to assess your organization's ability
    to consistently provide products and services that meet customer requirements and comply with all relevant
    statutory and regulatory requirements.

HOW TO USE AS9100D

If you donít already have a quality management system (QMS),
you can use this AS9100D standard to establish one. And once
youíve established your QMS, you can use it to demonstrate that your organization is consistently capable of meeting customer
requirements, enhancing customer satisfaction, improving its
products and services, and complying with both statutory
and regulatory requirements.

AS9100D is designed to be used for certification purposes. Once
youíve established a QMS that meets AS9100D requirements and
deals with your organizationís risks and opportunities, you can ask
a registrar (certification body) to audit your system. If you pass the
audit, your registrar will issue an official certificate that states that
your organization's QMS meets AS9100D requirements.

While AS9100D is designed to be used for certification purposes, you donít have to become certified unless you are legally obligated to do so. You can be in compliance without being formally certified by an accredited certification body (registrar). You can self-audit your QMS and then announce to the world that it complies with
the AS9100D standard (assuming that it does). Of course, your
compliance claim may be more credible if an independent
certification body agrees with your assessment.


MORE AS9100D PAGES

AS9100D versus AS9100C

Outline of AS9100D Standard

Overview of AS9100D Standard

Overview of AS9100C Standard

AS9100D Terms and Definitions

Plain English Gap Analysis Tool

Process Approach in Plain English

ISO's Quality Management Principles

AS9100D Translated into Plain English

AS9100C Translated into Plain English

Our AS9100D Internal Audit Program

ISO's Internal Audit Expectations

Quality Management Checklist

How to Upgrade to AS9100D

Our Plain English Approach


MORE RESOURCES

ISO 9001 2015 QMS Guide

ISO 9004 2009 QMS Guide

ISO 19011 2011 Auditing Guide

ISO 31000 Risk Management Guide

ISO 20000 Service Management Guide

ISO 22301 Business Continuity Management Guide

ISO 28000 Supply Chain Security Management Guide


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Updated on August 20, 2017. First published on August 20, 2017.

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