ISO 13485 2015 Translated into Plain English

ISO DIS2 13485 2015 is an "Interim Working Draft". It's not the final version of the standard.
According to ISO, the final official version "is due to be published by the end of 2015".

4. Systemic requirements

4.1 Organizational requirements

4.1.1 Establish a QMS.

  Develop a QMS for your organization.

  Meet all applicable ISO 13485 requirements.

  Meet all applicable regulatory requirements.

  Document your organization's QMS.

  Implement your organization's QMS.

  Carry out all required QMS activities.

  Carry out all required ISO 13485 activities.

  Carry out all required regulatory activities.

  Follow all required QMS procedures.

   Follow all required ISO 13485 procedures.

  Follow all required regulatory procedures.

  Apply all required QMS arrangements.

  Apply all required ISO 13485 arrangements.

  Apply all required regulatory arrangements.

  Maintain your organization's QMS.

4.1.2 Clarify structure.

  Consider the roles that regulators expect you to perform.

  Determine the processes that your organization's QMS needs.

  Clarify how QMS processes are applied throughout your organization.

  Apply a risk based approach to your organization's QMS processes.

4.1.3 Support processes.

  Support each QMS process.

  Support QMS process operations.

  Support QMS process monitoring.

  Support QMS process measuring.

  Support QMS process analysis.

  Support QMS process record keeping.

4.1.4 Manage changes.

  Manage your QMS processes.

  Comply with ISO 13485 process management requirements.

  Manage changes to your organization's QMS processes.

  Comply with regulatory process management requirements.

  Comply with regulatory change control requirements.

4.1.5 Control outsourcing.

  Monitor outsourced processes that affect product conformity.

  Control outsourced processes that affect product conformity.

4.1.6 Validate software.

  Develop a procedure to validate and revalidate your QMS software.

  Develop an approach that is proportional to the risk that is being taken.

  Use your procedure to validate and revalidate software applications.

  Validate computer software applications for their intended use.

  Validate software whenever its intended use changes (as appropriate).

  Maintain a record of your software validation and revalidation activities.

4.2 Documentation requirements

4.2.1 Establish quality documents.

4.2.1.1 Clarify documentation requirements.

  Consider your documentation requirements.

  Include all required documents and records.

  Include the documents and records that regulations require.

  Include the documents and records that ISO 13485 2015 requires.

  Include the documents and records that your organization requires.

4.2.1.2 Clarify file management requirements.

  Establish a file for each medical device or family of medical devices.

  Maintain a file for each medical device or family of medical devices.

4.2.2 Develop a quality manual.

  Prepare a quality manual for your QMS.

  Define the scope of your organization's QMS.

  Outline the structure of your QMS documentation.

  Include your QMS procedures or refer to them.

  Describe how your QMS processes interact.

4.2.3 Control quality documents.

  Establish a procedure to control QMS documents.

  Document your QMS document control procedure.

  Implement your QMS document control procedure.

4.2.4 Maintain quality records.

  Establish records for your organization's QMS.

  Develop procedures to control QMS records.

  Document your record control procedures.

  Implement your record control procedures.

  Define methods to protect QMS health records.

5. Management requirements

5.1 Commitment requirements.

  Demonstrate your ongoing commitment.

  Support the development of your QMS.

  Support the implementation of your QMS.

  Support the maintenance of your QMS.

5.2 External requirements.

  Ensure that external requirements are determined.

  Ensure that external requirements are being met.

5.3 Policy requirements.

  Plan your quality policy.

  Draft your quality policy.

  Apply your quality policy.

  Review your quality policy.

5.4 Planning requirements

5.4.1 Establish quality objectives.

  Establish quality objectives for your organization.

  Set objectives needed to meet product requirements.

  Set objectives needed to meet regulatory requirements.

5.4.2 Carry out quality planning.

  Plan how you're going to develop your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to document your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to structure your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to manage your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to monitor your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to control your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to implement your QMS.

  Plan how you're going to maintain your QMS.

5.5 Managerial requirements

5.5.1 Clarify responsibility and authority.

  Define QMS responsibilities and authorities.

  Document QMS responsibilities and authorities.

  Define how QMS personnel are interrelated.

5.5.2 Appoint management representative.

  Appoint a member of management to oversee your QMS.

  Give management representative authority and responsibility.

  Assign authority and responsibility for documenting your QMS.

  Assign authority and responsibility for reporting to top management.

  Assign authority and responsibility for promoting corporate awareness.

5.5.3 Establish internal communications.

  Establish appropriate internal communication processes.

  Encourage communication about the effectiveness of your QMS.

5.6 Review requirements

5.6.1 Perform regular management reviews.

  Schedule your reviews at planned intervals.

  Document your QMS review requirements.

  Review your QMS at planned intervals.

  Keep a record of management reviews.

5.6.2 Examine management review inputs.

  Examine information about your QMS (inputs).

  Examine previous management reviews.

  Examine the results of previous audits.

  Examine product conformity information.

  Examine process performance feedback.

  Examine corrective and preventive actions.

  Examine recommendations for improvement.

  Examine feedback about requirements (from 8.2.1).

  Examine new or revised regulatory requirements.

  Examine changes that could affect your QMS.

5.6.3 Generate management review outputs.

  Generate your management review outputs.

  Generate decisions and actions to improve your QMS.

  Generate decisions and actions to enhance your products.

  Generate decisions and actions to deal with regulatory changes.

  Generate decisions and actions to address relevant resource needs.

  Establish a record of your management reviews.

6. Resource requirements

6.1 Allocation requirements.

  Determine the resources that your QMS needs.

  Provide the resources that your QMS needs.

  Provide the resources needed to implement your QMS.

  Provide the resources needed to meet regulatory requirements.

  Provide the resources needed to meet customer requirements.

6.2 Personnel requirements

6.2.1 Ensure the competence of workers.

  Identify personnel who can affect product safety or performance.

  Identify work that can affect product safety or performance.

  Make sure that these workers are competent.

6.2.2 Meet all competence requirements.

  Establish a process to manage the competence of medical device workers.

  Use your process to manage the competence of medical device workers.

  Identify suitable methods for evaluating training and awareness activities.

  Maintain records that document the competence of medical device workers.

6.3 Infrastructure requirements

6.3.1 Document the infrastructure that you need.

  Document the infrastructure that your QMS needs.

  Provide the infrastructure that your QMS needs.

  Provide the buildings and utilities that your organization needs.

  Provide the workspaces and equipment that your organization needs.

  Provide the support services that your organization needs.

  Maintain the infrastructure that your QMS needs.

6.3.2 Document your maintenance requirements.

  Identify maintenance activities that may affect product safety or performance.

  Establish maintenance requirements for these maintenance activities.

  Document maintenance requirements for these maintenance activities.

  Document maintenance requirements for equipment (as appropriate).

  Maintain equipment in accordance with your maintenance requirements.

6.4 Environment requirements

6.4.1 Define your medical device work environment.

6.4.1.1 Document your medical device environment.

  Identify the work environment needed to meet product requirements.

  Document the work environment needed to meet product requirements.

  Establish the work environment needed to meet product requirements.

6.4.1.2 Document your environmental requirements.

  Identify work environments that affect product safety or performance.

  Document your requirements for these work environments.

  Identify the environmental conditions that affect how work is performed.

  Identify working conditions that affect product safety or performance.

  Document procedures to monitor and control working conditions.

6.4.1.3 Document your cleanliness expectations.

  Identify personnel who could affect product safety or performance.

  Identify those who come into contact with related work environments.

  Establish suitable health, cleanliness, and clothing requirements.

6.4.1.4 Document your contamination controls.

  Establish arrangements to control products that could be contaminated.

  Document arrangements to control products that could be contaminated.

6.4.2 Define your sterile medical device environment.

  Establish work environment requirements for sterile medical devices.

  Comply with your work environment requirements for medical devices.

7. Realization requirements

7.1 Planning requirements.

  Plan the processes you need to realize products.

  Develop the processes that you need to realize products.

  Develop a risk management process for product realization.

  Plan how you're going to realize each product.

  Formulate quality objectives for your product.

  Clarify specific product realization requirements.

  Generate product realization planning outputs.

  Establish records of product realization activities.

7.2 Customer requirements

7.2.1 Determine product requirements.

  Clarify your product requirements.

  Identify requirements specified by your customers.

  Identify requirements dictated by your product's intended use.

  Identify requirements imposed by your regulatory bodies.

  Identify requirements defined by your organization.

7.2.2 Review your product requirements.

  Evaluate product requirements before you accept orders.

  Review product requirements before you supply products.

  Verify product requirements before you agree to accept orders.

  Confirm that product requirements can be met before you proceed.

  Maintain a record of your product requirement reviews.

7.2.3 Communicate product requirements.

7.2.3.1 Communicate with customers.

  Establish arrangements to communicate with customers.

  Document your customer communication arrangements.

7.2.3.2  Communicate with regulators.

  Establish arrangements to communicate with regulatory authorities.

7.3 Development requirements

7.3.1 Prepare design and development procedures.

  Establish procedures for design and development.

  Document procedures for design and development.

7.3.2 Organize design and development activities.

  Plan the design and development of your products.

  Document your product design and development plans.

  Maintain your design and development planning documents.

  Control the design and development of your products.

7.3.3 Determine design and development inputs.

  Determine product design and development inputs.

  Review your product design and development inputs.

  Approve your product design and development inputs.

  Maintain a record of design and development inputs.

7.3.4 Generate design and development outputs.

  Generate suitable design and development outputs.

  Verify your product design and development outputs.

  Approve your product design and development outputs.

  Maintain records of design and development outputs.

7.3.5 Carry out design and development reviews.

  Plan your organization's design and development reviews.

  Perform reviews in accordance with planned arrangements.

  Maintain records of your design and development reviews.

7.3.6 Perform design and development verifications.

  Plan your design and development verification activities.

  Document your design and development verification plans.

  Perform verifications in accordance with planned arrangements.

  Keep records of your design and development verification activities.

7.3.7 Conduct design and development validations.

  Plan your organization's design and development validation activities.

  Document your organization's design and development validation plans.

  Perform validations in accordance with your planned arrangements.

  Keep records of design and development validation activities.

7.3.8 Plan design and development transfers.

  Plan product design and development transfers.

  Document design and development transfer plans.

  Use your plans and procedures to make transfers.

  Keep records of design and development transfers.

7.3.9 Control design and development changes.

7.3.9.1  Establish control of your changes.

  Establish processes to control design and development changes.

  Use processes to control changes that affect your medical devices.

7.3.9.2  Identify and record your changes.

  Identify design and development changes.

  Approve changes before you implement them.

  Record design and development changes.

7.3.9.3  Review and evaluate your changes.

  Review and evaluate design and development changes.

  Review and evaluate the effect changes could have.

7.3.9.4  Maintain a record of your reviews.

  Record results of your review of design and development changes.

7.3.10 Maintain design and development files.

  Maintain a design and development file for each device or family of devices.

  Include or reference records that document compliance and changes.

7.4 Purchasing requirements

7.4.1 Manage purchasing process.

7.4.1.1 Prepare purchase procedures.

  Establish procedures to control product purchases.

  Document procedures to control product purchases.

7.4.1.2  Control selection of suppliers.

  Plan the selection and evaluation of your suppliers.

  Establish supplier selection and evaluation criteria.

  Evaluate and select your organization's suppliers.

  Approve suppliers that meet your selection and evaluation criteria.

  Approve suppliers that meet or can meet all relevant requirements.

7.4.1.3 Monitor supplier performance.

  Plan how you're going to monitor supplier performance.

  Monitor the performance of your organization's suppliers.

  Use monitoring results to re-evaluate supplier performance.

  Take remedial actions that are proportional to your risk.

7.4.1.4  Establish performance records.

  Establish a record of supplier monitoring, evaluation, and re-evaluation.

7.4.2 Clarify purchasing information.

  Plan your organization's product purchases.

  Review purchase requirements before sharing them.

  Maintain your organization's purchasing documents and records.

7.4.3 Verify purchased products.

  Develop methods and activities to verify purchased products.

  Make arrangements to verify the products you plan to purchase.

  Verify that your purchased products meet purchase requirements.

  Consider what to do when changes are made to purchased products.

  Establish and maintain a record of purchased product verifications.

7.5 Production requirements

7.5.1 Control medical device production and service provision.

7.5.1.1 Plan and perform production and service provision.

  Plan your production and service provision activities.

  Carry out production and service provision activities.

  Monitor production and service provision activities.

  Control production and service provision activities.

7.5.1.2 Clarify cleanliness, installation, and servicing expectations.

7.5.1.2.1 Define requirements for cleanliness or contamination controls.

  Define cleanliness or contamination control
requirements for products that you clean
prior to sterilization or use.

  Define cleanliness or contamination control
requirements for products that cannot be
cleaned prior to sterilization or use.

  Define cleanliness or contamination control
requirements for products supplied non-sterile
to be cleaned before sterilization or use.

  Define cleanliness or contamination control
requirements for process agents that must be
removed from products during manufacture.

7.5.1.2.2 Specify product installation and verification requirements.

  Establish product installation requirements.

  Document your product installation requirements.

  Establish installation verification requirements.

  Document your installation verification requirements.

7.5.1.2.3 Develop servicing procedures and reference materials.

  Establish servicing procedures and reference materials.

  Document your servicing procedures and reference materials.

  Use procedures and materials to control servicing activities.

  Maintain a record of your organization's servicing activities.

  Identify servicing complaints and improvement opportunities.

7.5.1.3 Maintain a record of sterilization process parameters.

  Establish a record of your sterilization process parameters.

  Record sterilization parameters for each batch of medical devices.

7.5.2 Validate processes used for production and service provision.

7.5.2.1 Validate processes and software if outputs aren't being verified.

  Identify processes that generate outputs that are
not or cannot be verified by subsequent monitoring
and measurement until it's too late.

  Establish procedures to validate production and
service delivery processes and software applications
that could affect your products and services.

  Develop plans to validate production and service
delivery processes that generate outputs that are
not or cannot be verified until it's too late.

  Validate processes and software applications that
could generate output deficiencies and could affect
your products and services.

7.5.2.2 Validate sterilization processes and product packaging processes.

  Prepare procedures for validating sterilization processes.

  Document your sterilization process validation procedures.

  Prepare procedures to validate packaging for sterile barrier systems.

  Document your packaging process validation procedures.

7.5.3 Identify medical device products and establish traceability.

7.5.3.1 Preserve product identity throughout product realization.

  Prepare procedures and systems to control identify of medical devices.

  Establish procedures to maintain identify during product realization.

  Document your product identification systems and procedures.

7.5.3.2 Establish suitable traceability procedures and records.

7.5.3.2.1 Establish suitable product traceability procedures.

  Clarify your product traceability requirements.

  Establish your product traceability procedures.

  Maintain a record of your traceability activities.

7.5.3.2.2 Establish suitable records for implantable devices.

  Establish traceability records for implantable medical devices.

  Expect suppliers and distributors to have traceability records.

7.5.3.3 Maintain product status throughout product realization.

  Identify the status of medical devices throughout product realization.

  Maintain the status of medical devices throughout product realization.

  Use status information to control the disposition of medical devices.

7.5.4 Protect property supplied for medical devices by customers.

  Identify property supplied by customers to be used by medical devices.

  Verify property supplied by customers to be used by your medical devices.

  Safeguard property supplied by customers to be used by medical devices.

  Maintain a record of customer property that is lost, damaged, or unsuitable.

  Report lost, damaged, or unsuitable customer property to your customers.

7.5.5 Preserve medical device products and components.

7.5.5.1 Develop procedures to preserve product conformity.

  Establish procedures to preserve the conformity of products.

  Document and maintain your product preservation procedures.

  Use your procedures to preserve the conformity of products.

7.5.5.2 Prevent product damage, alteration, and contamination.

  Prevent medical device damage, alteration, and contamination.

  Protect products when exposed to hazards and expected conditions.

7.6 Measurement requirements

  Identify monitoring and measurement requirements.

  Select suitable monitoring and measurement equipment.

  Establish your monitoring and measurement procedures.

  Prepare calibration and verification plans and procedures.

  Protect your monitoring and measurement equipment.

  Validate your monitoring and measurement software.

  Apply your monitoring and measurement procedures.

8. Remedial requirements

8.1 Planning requirements

  Plan monitoring, measurement, and analytical processes..

  Plan how monitoring methods will be used ensure conformity and effectiveness.

  Plan how measurement will be used to ensure conformity and effectiveness.

  Plan how analytics will be used to ensure conformity and effectiveness.

8.2 Research requirements

8.2.1 Establish suitable feedback methods and procedures.

8.2.1.1 Develop feedback methods and gather information.

  Establish feedback methods and procedures.

  Establish customer feedback methods and procedures.

  Establish production feedback methods and procedures.

  Examine the information you have gathered.

  Use your feedback to measure QMS effectiveness.

  Use your feedback to facilitate risk management.

  Use your feedback to support product realization.

8.2.1.2 Investigate complaints, take action, and report results.

8.2.1.2.1 Develop and document complaint handling procedures.

  Establish your complaint handling procedures.

  Document your complaint handling procedures.

  Document related responsibilities and requirements.

8.2.1.2.2 Develop and document complaint reporting procedures.

  Establish procedures for reporting complaints to regulators.

  Report complaints to regulators when adverse events occur.

  Maintain a record of your regulatory reports and notifications.

8.2.2 Plan and perform internal audits at planned intervals.

  Plan your organization's internal audit program.

  Carry out your internal audits at planned intervals.

  Maintain a record of audit plans and performance.

  Eliminate all detected nonconformities and causes.

  Follow-up on steps taken to resolve nonconformities.

8.2.3 Find out whether processes achieve planned results.

  Establish suitable methods to monitor and measure each QMS process.

  Implement suitable methods to monitor and measure each QMS process.

  Determine whether or not each QMS process is achieving planned results.

  Take remedial action whenever processes fail to achieve planned results.

8.2.4 Monitor and measure medical device characteristics.

8.2.4.1 Verify that all medical device requirements are being met.

  Monitor and measure your organization's product characteristics.

  Establish a record of product monitoring and measurement activities.

  Complete all planned arrangements before you release your products.

8.2.4.2 Keep a record of implantable device testers and inspectors.

  Establish a record of implantable medical device testing and inspection.

  Identify the people who test or inspect implantable medical devices.

8.3 Product requirements

8.3.1 Prevent unintended delivery or use of nonconforming products.

  Clarify how you intend to prevent unintended product delivery or use.

  Prevent the unintended delivery or use of your nonconforming products.

  Establish a record of your organization's nonconforming product activities.

8.3.2 Deal with pre-delivery nonconformities and keep suitable records.

  Deal with nonconforming products prior to delivery.

  Take action to eliminate detected nonconformities.

  Prevent the product's original intended use or application.

  Authorize nonconforming product use, release, or acceptance.

8.3.3 Address post-delivery nonconformities and issue advisory notices.

8.3.3.1  Respond to post-delivery nonconformities and keep records.

  Identify nonconforming products after delivery or after use has started.

  Take action that is appropriate to the effects that have been identified.

  Establish and maintain a record of the actions that have been taken.

8.3.3.2  Implement post-delivery advisory notices and keep records.

  Clarify how advisory notices should be issued and implemented.

  Keep a record of actions taken when advisory notices are issued.

8.3.4 Follow procedures and instructions when products are reworked.

  Clarify how product rework should be performed.

  Clarify how product rework should be retested.

  Clarify how product rework should be reviewed.

  Clarify how product rework should be approved.

  Clarify how product rework should be recorded.

8.4 Analytical requirements

  Consider how you plan to evaluate your QMS.

  Establish procedures to evaluate your QMS.

  Gather information and data about your QMS.

  Analyze information and data about your QMS.

8.5 Improvement requirements

8.5.1 Take action to change QMS and products.

  Identify any changes that must be made.

  Identify changes that maintain QMS suitability and effectiveness.

  Identify changes that maintain product safety and performance.

  Make any changes that must be made. 

8.5.2 Take action to correct actual nonconformities.

  Document a corrective action procedure.

  Specify how actual problems will be investigated.

  Specify how corrective actions will be developed.

  Specify how corrective actions will be verified.

  Specify how corrective action will be taken.

  Specify how corrective action will be reviewed.

  Implement your corrective action procedure.

  Maintain records of corrective action taken.

8.5.3 Take action to prevent potential nonconformities.

  Document a preventive action procedure.

  Specify how potential problems will be investigated.

  Specify how preventive actions will be developed.

  Specify how preventive actions will be verified.

  Specify how preventive action will be taken.

  Specify how preventive action will be reviewed.

  Implement your preventive action procedure.

  Maintain records of preventive action taken.

Also see ISO 14971 Risk Management Standard for Medical Devices (in Plain English).

 
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MORE ISO 13485 2015 PAGES

Introduction to ISO 13485 2015

Outline of ISO 13485 2015 Standard

Overview of ISO 13485 2015 Standard

ISO 13485 2015 versus ISO 13485 2003

Plain English ISO 13485 2015 Definitions

ISO 13485 2015 Quality Management Checklist

Skills and Knowledge Internal Auditors Should Have


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