OHSAS 18001 OH&S Standard Translated into Plain English

OHSAS 18001 2007 is an occupational health and safety (OH&S) standard.
Use it to establish your occupational health & safety management system (OHSMS).

This web page presents an overview of OHSAS 18001 2007. It doesn't provide detail.
OHSAS 18001 2007 defines a set of occupational health and safety management

system requirements. These requirements are listed in sections 4.1 to 4.6.
Therefore the following material starts with section 4.1.

4.1
General Requirements

Establish an OHSMS for your Organization

  • Develop an occupational health and safety management system.

  • Document occupational health and safety management system.

  • Implement occupational health and safety management system.

  • Maintain occupational health and safety management system.

  • Improve occupational health and safety management system.

4.2
Policy
Requirements

Develop an OH&S Policy for your Organization

  • Define your organizationís health and safety policy.

  • Document your organizationís health and safety policy.

  • Implement your organizationís health and safety policy.

  • Maintain your organizationís health and safety policy.

  • Communicate your organizationís health and safety policy.

4.3
Planning
Requirements

4.3.1 Analyze OH&S Hazards and Select Controls

  • Identify OH&S hazards and assess your risks.

    • Develop a methodology to identify hazards and assess your organizationís risks.

    • Establish procedures to identify hazards and assess your organizationís risks.

    • Implement your hazard identification and risk assessment methods and procedures.

    • Maintain your hazard identification and risk assessment methods and procedures.

  • Reduce OH&S risks by selecting your controls.

    • Establish procedures to select your controls.

    • Implement your control selection procedures.

    • Maintain your control selection procedures.

 

4.3.2 Respect Legal and Nonlegal OH&S Requirements

  • Establish procedures to identify and access the legal and nonlegal OH&S requirements that apply to your organization.

  • Respect all legal and nonlegal requirements when you establish your organizationís OHSMS.

  • Keep your organizationís legal and nonlegal OH&S regulatory information up to date.

  • Communicate information about your regulatory OH&S information to all interested participants.

 

4.3.3 Establish OH&S Objectives and Programs

  • Establish your organizationís OH&S objectives.

    • Develop objectives for your organization.

    • Implement your organizationís objectives.

  • Establish your organizationís OH&S programs.

    • Develop programs to achieve your objectives.

    • Implement programs to achieve your objectives.

    • Maintain programs to achieve your objectives.

4.4
Implementation Requirements

4.4.1 Establish Responsibility and Accountability

  • Ask your top management to accept responsibility for OH&S.

  • Make sure management demonstrates a commitment to OH&S.

  • Appoint a member of management to manage and control OH&S.

  • Make sure that your workers take responsibility for OH&S.

 

4.4.2 Ensure Competence and Provide Training

  • Ensure the competence of people who perform tasks that could have an impact on worker health and safety.

  • Maintain records which show that people who have an impact on worker health and safety are in fact competent.

  • Identify your organization's health and safety training needs.

  • Establish health and safety training methods and procedures.

  • Provide training to meet your organization's safety training needs.

  • Evaluate the overall effectiveness of your safety training activities.

  • Maintain a record of your safety training activities and results.

  • Establish a procedure to make personnel aware of safety.

  • Implement your organization's awareness procedure.

  • Maintain your organization's awareness procedure.

 

4.4.3 Establish Communication and Participation

4.4.3.1 Establish OH&S Communication Procedures

  • Establish an internal communication procedure.

    • Develop a procedure to control internal communications.

    • Implement your internal communications procedure.

    • Maintain your internal communications procedure.

  • Establish a contractor and visitor communication procedure.

    • Develop a procedure to control how you communicate about worker safety with your contractors and visitors.

    • Implement a procedure to control how you communicate about worker safety with your contractors and visitors.

    • Maintain a procedure to control how you communicate about worker safety with your contractors and visitors.

  • Establish an external communication procedure.

    • Develop a procedure to control external communications.

    • Implement a procedure to control external communications.

    • Maintain a procedure to control external communications.

4.4.3.2 Establish OH&S Participation and Consultation

  • Establish a worker participation procedure.

    • Develop a procedure to manage worker involvement.

    • Implement your worker participation procedure.

    • Maintain your worker participation procedure.

    • Consult with workers about safety matters.

  • Consult with contractors and other parties.

    • Develop a procedure to manage contractor involvement.

    • Implement your contractor participation procedure.

    • Maintain your contractor participation procedure.

    • Consult with external parties about safety matters.

 

4.4.4 Document your Organization's OHSMS

  • Document your workers' health and safety policy.

  • Document your workers' health and safety objectives.

  • Document the scope of your health and safety system.

  • Document the elements (parts) of your safety system.

  • Document how the elements of your system interact.

 

4.4.5 Control your Organization's OH&S Documents

  • Control documents required by OHSAS 18001 2007.

  • Establish a procedure to control health and safety documents.

  • Implement your health and safety document control procedure.

  • Maintain your health and safety document control procedure.

  • Control your health and safety management records.

 

4.4.6 Implement Operational OH&S Control Measures

  • Identify those operations and activities that should use controls to manage hazards and reduce risks.

  • Implement controls to manage hazards and reduce risks.

  • Implement documented procedures to reduce your risks.

  • Implement operating criteria to reduce your risks.

  • Maintain your health and safety procedures and controls.

  • Maintain the operating criteria needed to control your risks.

 

4.4.7 Establish an OH&S Emergency Management Process

  • Establish emergency management procedures.

  • Test your emergency management procedures.

  • Implement your emergency management procedures.

  • Review your emergency management procedures.

  • Revise your emergency management procedures.

4.5
Checking
Requirements

4.5.1 Monitor and Measure your OH&S Performance

  • Establish procedures to monitor & measure OH&S performance.

  • Implement your OH&S monitoring & measurement procedures.

  • Maintain your OH&S monitoring & measurement procedures.

  • Record the results of your monitoring & measurement activities.

  • Establish procedures for monitoring & measurement equipment.

  • Implement procedures for monitoring & measurement equipment.

  • Maintain procedures for monitoring & measurement equipment.

 

4.5.2 Evaluate Legal and Nonlegal Compliance

4.5.2.1 Evaluate Compliance with Legal Requirements

  • Establish a procedure to periodically evaluate how well your organization complies with legal OH&S requirements.

  • Record the results of your legal OH&S compliance evaluations.

4.5.2.2 Evaluate Compliance with Nonlegal Requirements

  • Establish a procedure to periodically evaluate how well your organization complies with nonlegal (other) OH&S requirements.

  • Record the results of your nonlegal OH&S compliance evaluations.

 

4.5.3 Investigate Incidents and Take Remedial Action

4.5.3.1 Investigate your OH&S Incidents

  • Establish procedures to investigate incidents.

  • Implement your incident investigation procedures.

  • Maintain your incident investigation procedures.

4.5.3.2 Take Corrective and Preventive Action

  • Establish nonconformity management procedures.

  • Implement your nonconformity management procedures.

  • Maintain your nonconformity management procedures.

 

4.5.4 Establish and Control OH&S Records

  • Establish OH&S records for your organization.

  • Maintain your organizationís OH&S records.

  • Develop procedures to control your OH&S records.

  • Implement your OH&S record keeping procedures.

 

4.5.5 Conduct Internal Audits of your OHSMS

  • Establish an internal OHSMS audit program.

  • Implement your internal OHSMS audit program.

  • Maintain your internal OHSMS audit program.

4.6
Review
Requirements

Review the Performance of your OHSMS

  • Review your OHSMS by examining inputs.

  • Assess the results of your management reviews.

  • Generate OHSMS management review outputs.

  • Communicate management review outputs.

 

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Updated on March 28, 2014. First published on January 30, 2008.

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